Allegro Intermission Philadelphia Orchestra concerts are broadcast on WRTI 90.1 FM on Sunday afternoons at 1 PM, and are repeated on Monday evenings at 7 PM on WRTI HD 2. Finally, though, while living at Kamenka, the home of his sister and her family (and long one of Tchaikovsky’s favorite retreats), he began work on a composition for the Silver Jubilee Exposition. The score calls for flute, two each of clarinets, bassoons, horns, and trumpets, plus timpani and strings. The Symphony No. During the year he had witnessed, both in Mannheim and Paris, the highest quality of operatic production, and he was eager to contribute to it. PROGRAM NOTES by Kalindi Bellach ©2019. Deutsch lists several further performances at the Concert Spirituel during 1779, on 18 and 23 March, 23 May, and 3 June; and on 14 May 1780. 39! Mozart and Friends Program Notes. CLAUDE DEBUSSY (1862-1918)Prelude to The Afternoon of a Faun. 23 in A major, K. 488 BORN: January 27, 1756, in Salzburg DIED: December 5, 1791, in Vienna WORK COMPOSED: early in 1786 WORLD PREMIERE: Unknown, but almost certainly March 1786, in Vienna, with the composer playing the solo part and conducting from the keyboard. Symphony No. 39 in E-flat Major, K. 543, An invigorating first movement predominates, followed by a … Mozart thought he could enrich and revivify a form that had enjoyed a long and successful popularity but that was becoming stale and tradition‑ bound. 3. The Three Bs / Symphonic Surprises / Strauss and His Idol. The dates of the first performances are unknown. Program Notes Home: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756–December 5, 1791) Allegro; Andante; Allegro; In the summer of 1778, Mozart and his mother left Salzburg on a fateful journey to Paris, in search of a salaried position for 22-year-old Wolfgang. Throughout his life, he was also interested in music; he had even written an essay on Wagner for the “Revue wagnerienne” in 1885. The resulting work is rich in elaborate choruses, and it boasts some superb ensemble numbers as well, including a great climactic quartet. By June 1788 Mozart’s fortunes had entered on the long, steady decline that culminated in his death, at age thirty-five, three-and-a-half years later. Program Notes, 2019-20 Season. It is clear from these letters that Mozart was in serious financial difficulty (a situation that was only just beginning to change at the time of his death). It was an overture dealing with Napoleon’s invasion of Russia in 1812, and would call for actual cannons in performance. The composer noted on the score that he preferred to have as large an ensemble of orchestral strings as possible for performances of the work. Portrait of Johann Peter Salomon by Thomas Hardy, 1792. The actual thematic matter is relatively conventional, more a matter of figures than melodies, but there is not development as such, and most of the working-out of ideas comes at their presentation." 2 BARBER Adagio for Strings HAYDN Symphony No. Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, Vienna. The principal theme, beginning with a group of scurrying sixteenth‑notes followed by a hiccup, produces a series of motives that carry the bulk of the discourse. But the serenade, on the contrary, I wrote from inner compulsion. The actual thematic matter is relatively conventional, more a matter of figures than melodies, but there is not development as such, and most of the working-out of ideas comes at their presentation. 99 was composed in early 1794 prior to Haydn's arrival in London. WORLD PREMIERE: June 12, 1778, at the Paris home of Count Sickingen. reif conducts tchaikovsky & mozart July 5, 2020 ... K. 165 (1773) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) On October 24, 1772, Mozart and. In the meantime, the Elector of Mannheim had inherited the Wittelsbach throne, so the court (and the whole extensive musical establishment) moved to Munich. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791)Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791) While Mozart's favored instrument was the piano, he was also a highly accomplished s Violin Concerto No.5 in … Years later he recalled that when Mallarmé heard the music for the first time (apparently the composer’s own performance at the piano in his apartment), he commented, “I was not expecting anything of this kind! The score calls for two oboes, two bassoons, four horns, and strings. It is not surprising that he felt unable to do anything with such a topic; his creative inertia took the form of a variety of activities to help him avoid composing: revising earlier works, proofreading scores, and renewing his study of English in the hopes of eventually being able to read his favorite English authors, Dickens, Thackeray, and Shakespeare. One of the most “French” elements of Idomeneo in its original Munich production (though one that has not been included in many performances since) is the extended ballet at the very end of the opera, after all the singing has ended. His last three symphonies, K. 543, 550, and 551, were all composed during the summer of 1788, probably for a series of subscription concerts that seem not to have taken place. The safety of patrons, musicians and staff remains the Symphony’s top priority. Symphony No. Tickets: $15 – $74; KidTix Free with Adult; College Students $10. But when Mozart returned to Paris in the spring of 1778 with his mother in tow things very much did not go to plan. Finally, the following year, he brought out his first book, which contained the text of the eclogue entitled “L’Après-midi d’un faune.” Mallarmé continued to hope for a theatrical performance; as late as 1891 he promised in print to produce a new version for the theater. The hearty minuet provides a strong contrast to the delicacies of the Andante; its Trio features a clarinet solo with little echoes from the flute. Duration is about 28 minutes. The longest and last symphony that he composed, it is regarded by many critics as among the greatest symphonies in classical music. Portrait of Leopold Mozart from his 1756 Versuch einer … The finale is often called the most Haydnesque movement Mozart ever wrote, largely because it is nearly monothematic. This is a piece from the heart and so, I venture to say, it does not lack artistic worth. The composer was then 22 years old. 1 in E-flat major, K.16 Symphony No. The work is nicknamed the Jupiter Symphony, likely coined by the impresario Johann Peter Salomon. The score calls for flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons, horns, and trumpets in pairs, timpani, and strings. Program: MOZART “Paris” Symphony No. The Symphony No. He began composing the Prélude à l’Après-midi d’un faune in 1892 and completed the full score on October 23, 1894. We are privileged to continue publishing his program notes. The young composer, just twenty‑one and ready to spread his wings, was captivated by the music‑making in Mannheim (and equally captivated by a soprano named Aloysia Weber, but that’s another story). 38 in D major, K. 504, was composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in late 1786. hybrid form of a concerto/symphony in which multiple soloists are featured independent from the orchestra, with a more defined soloistic role than the Baroque concerto grosso form.  The work was published in Paris by Sieber and announced for sale 20 February 1779. 2 BARBER Adagio for Strings HAYDN Symphony No. PROGRAM: Bach – Orchestral Suite No. The Marianne Williams Tobias Program Note Annotator Chair Mozart was riding the crest of his popularity as a composer and pianist in Vienna when he premiered his Piano Concerto, Number 21 on March 9, 1785 at the Burg Theater, in one of his subscription concerts. 41 by Wolfgang Amade-us Mozart, a sublime masterpiece from 1788 that exemplifies why its composer occupies a spot on the very top rung of symphonic creation. In Paris, Mozart's mother is very sick, and she will die shortly after the premiere of this new symphony, his 31st, still known as the "Paris". Most listeners, though, have been content to wallow in this exquisitely wrought play of color, harmony, and misty melody without bothering to consider how much of the future was already implicit in this brief score. In January 1779 Mozart reluctantly returned to Salzburg after a disastrous two-year trip to Germany and Paris. Clarinets were relatively new in the symphony orchestra (although long since a standard component of Mozart’s opera orchestra), and it was by no means a foregone conclusion that they would be included. Sadie remarks that this is the largest orchestra for which Mozart had yet composed in his career. Duration is about 29 minutes. Despite a successful premiere for his Paris Symphony (K297) at the Concert Spirituel on June 18 and a few other small commissions (concertos for flute, some ballet music), Tchaikovsky summed up his own feelings about the autumn’s musical harvest thus: The Overture will be very loud, noisy, but I wrote it without any warm feelings of love and so it will probably be of no artistic worth. Tickets for this event will be available for purchase at Woolsey Hall beginning at 6:30pm. If Mozart had continued to work in that vein, the history of opera might have been very different. 25 in G Minor, K. 183 Mozart composed this symphony in 1773; it was first performed on October 5 of that year in Salzburg. His first letter to Puchberg referred to “concerts in the Casino,” from which he hoped to obtain subscription money in order to repay his debts. Mozart completed his final three symphonies — No. But Mozart liked ensembles, in which various characters can express their feelings together. festa italiana! Tchaikovsky, to his chagrin, drew the subject, “Montenegrin villagers receiving news of Russia’s declaration of war on Turkey.”. Wolfgang Amadé Mozart (1756-1791) Mozart’s Symphony No. November 6, 2019. His greatest success of this period of time was the Paris Symphony. He composed the Serenade for Strings between September 21 and November 4, 1880. 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